Aside
India: At a Glance
Capital New Delhi
Area 32,87,263 sq.km
Area wise in the world 7th
Location India extends between latitudes 8o4’N and 37o6’N. It is a country of the east with its landmass lying beteen longitudes 68o7’E and 97o25’E.
Stretch 3,214 Kilometers from north to south 
2,933 Kilometers from east to west
Land Frontier 15,200 km
Coastline 7516.5 km
Neighbouring Countries India shares its political borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan on the west and Bangladesh and Myanmar on the east. The northern boundary is made up of the Sinkiang province of China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan. India is seperated from Sri Lanka by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar
Physical Feature The mainland consists of four well-defined regions: (i)The great mountain zone, (ii)The Indo-Gangetic plain, (iii)The desert region and (iv)The Southern Peninsula
Rivers The main rivers of the Himalayan group are the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
Climate There are four seasons which are recognised by the India Meteorological department. They are – Cold weather, hot weather, rainy season and the season of the retreating south-west monsoon.
Fauna Approx. 89,451 species
National Parks 94
Wildlife Sanctuaries 501
Official Languages Hindi
Population (2001 census) 1,203,710,000(March 2011)(17% of the world’s population)
Populationwise place in the world 2nd
Population density 324 person per square kilometer
Population growth 21.34 %
Sex Ratio 933 females per 1000 males
Literacy 65.38 %
Male Literacy 75.85 %
Female Literacy 54.16 %

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